consortium made of ITER-Consult (IT), BNRA (BG), JSI (SI), NRG (NL), SCK·CEN (BE) and STUK
(FI) including the identified subcontractors ISPRA (IT) and
constitutes the Project Team represented by ITER-Consult for the EU INSC Project MC.03/10.
The ‘’project team’’ ensures
the required skills, knowhow, and human
resources to correctly and effectively fulfil the project objectives, implement
the activities and reach the expected results.
project team includes
EU NRAs (BNRA, ISPRA, SNSA and STUK), EU TSOs (ITER, NRG, JSI) and important EU
research centres (JSI, SCK-CEN). It owns all competencies required to be
transferred and developed in the beneficiary NRAs and TSOs through the training
and tutoring activities of the project: these competences are normally
exercised in the day-to-day regulatory and technical support activity of its
The team members implement
training courses in the field of nuclear and radiation safety for their
internal use or for external services. The internal training activity refers
both to development
of competencies for newcomers and knowledge management.
The field of
knowledge and experience of our team include: regulatory
responsibilities and functions; management of licensing activities; regulatory
decision process and authorization; inspection and enforcement; deterministic
and probabilistic safety; safety
assessment and safety evaluation in the licensing phases for siting, design, construction,
operation and upgrading of NPP and other nuclear facilities including RRs, RW
and SF management facilities; review of
SAR and PSA content, perform independent safety assessment by use of qualified
codes, regulatory licensing of decommissioning activities, use of radioactive
sources. As technology, they have full experience of BWR, PWR and WWER type of
NPP and several types of RRS.
team has significant experience in cooperation with NRAs and TSOs of
beneficiary countries transferring technical knowledge, methods and EU
practices. This experience includes also the advising for competence
development and the setting up of training programs.
team has direct experience of training and tutoring tasks of EC cooperation
projects (Tacis, Phare and INSC programs) and also of the IAEA Technical
cooperation (TC) training activity.
and experience of our team, capitalizing from the strength of each team partner
and subcontractor, is such to ensure the effective implementation and
execution of project activities and the best benefit for the beneficiaries.
To be underlined the participation as ‘’consortium
members’’ of the regulatory bodies from Finland and Bulgaria having both experience,
since decades, of regulation, licensing and supervision of NPP and nuclear
facilities. This will allow the team to benefit of the regulatory point of view
in the implementation of project activities, in the understanding of needs of
the partner countries and in designing and implementing training courses with
contents, as close as possible, to the needs of the beneficiary NRAs/TSOs of
In addition to STUK and
BNRA it is envisaged the participation, as subcontractors, of two more
regulators: the Italian Nuclear Regulatory Body (ISPRA) and the Slovenian Nuclear
Regulatory Body (SNSA). So four EU
regulators are present in the team and will provide their contribution for the activity
of the LOT 1: they are all members of ENSREG and their presence will ensure and
facilitate the transfer of correspondent agreed EU policies and practices, which
is one of the purposes of the project.
Very relevant for the
project objective is the in-progress construction activity in Finland and in
Bulgaria of two NPPs (both PWR with slightly different technology from
different suppliers) which represent a fresh and unique opportunity to use the
related experience and feedback in the T&T activity for the staff of new
The partners of our team
are normally cooperating with IAEA in working groups and committees dealing
with international cooperation, capacity building programs and initiatives
including professional trainings. This facilitates the coordination and
cooperation with IAEA during the project implementation.
Finally the configuration
of the consortium guarantees its full neutrality in the performance of the
work, since no member is in conflict of interest in proposing particular
approaches or solutions. It is also underlined the attitude of the team to
promote nuclear safety and in no event the nuclear technology as such, in
coherence with the INSC regulation.
is the consortium leader. It will manage the contract, will act as project
co-ordinator and will have strong involvement in task realization.
ITER-Consult is an expert organization that
provides technical assessments and independent evaluation and review in the
field of nuclear and radiation safety for design, construction, commissioning,
operation and decommissioning of nuclear facilities, with the final objective
to ensure protection of workers, public and environment.
services are provided to Nuclear Regulatory Authorities, Public
Administrations, Governments, European Union institutions and other
international organizations (e.g IAEA) in support of their regulatory,
licensing and study activities, being therefore at the service of national and
international community. ITER has long lasting experience in international
cooperation and participation in EC cooperation projects.
The technical capabilities of ITER-Consult are
multidisciplinary and cover the major areas of nuclear safety, radiation safety
and waste safety with respect to site evaluation, design, construction,
commissioning, operation, decommissioning of nuclear installations and
radioactive waste and spent fuel management.
Support to Nuclear Regulatory Authorities in licensing activity is
provided by performing technical evaluations and reviews of site analysis
reports, safety analysis reports, environmental impact reports, periodic safety
reviews and other relevant safety reports.
The internal organization ensures:
- projects’ technical
management and coordination
- technical review and
- resources management
- coordination of internal
and external interface
- quality management system
- administrative and
ITER-Consult is cetified
ISO-2008 n.73 1003117
In its activity ITER-Consult cooperates with
national and international organizations on nuclear safety related activities.
National cooperation is in place with ISPRA, MSE, MAE, Universities, ENEA,
CIRTEN, Consortium Quality and Innovation (QUINN) for activities in nuclear
At European level long-lasting cooperation is
established with EU NRAs and TSOs organizations. In particular common technical
tasks, in the frame of EU Cooperation projects,
are performed with EU and Eastern Europe
NRAs and TSOs: France (ASN,
IRSN); Germany (BMU, GRS); Belgium (BelV); Sweden (SSM); England (HSE/NII);
Finland (STUK, VTT); Romania (CNCAN); Bulgaria (BNRA, Risk Engineering);
Lithuania (VATESI, RPC, LEI); Slovakia (UJD); Czech Republic (SUJB, NRI);
Russia (Rostechnadzor, SEC-NRS,VO-Safety); Ukraine (SNRCU,SSTC); Armenia (ANRA,NRSC);
Georgia (NRSS), Jordan (JNRC), Morocco (MNRA) .
The experience of ITER-Consult in the EU
cooperation projects with NRAs and TSOs of beneficiary countries includes transfer
of know-how, assessment methodologies and the performing of training and
At international level relevant cooperation
is in place with the IAEA in the field of safety review of NPP, development of
safety guides and in the activities of the International Seismic Safety Centre
(ISSC). For the latter to be mentioned the cooperation in the working areas
related to: Seismic Hazard, Seismic
design and qualification, Site external natural and non-natural events, Seismic
safety evaluation, Interaction with public and media.
ITER-Consult and its expertise has covered technical tasks and provided
technical support in different areas related to nuclear and radiation safety including
and regulatory framework.
Leadership and coordination have been effectively carried out in
international projects for technical support in regulatory and licensing
activities related to siting, construction, commissioning, and operation and
upgrading of nuclear facilities.
The values of ITER-Consult in providing its
services are the professional independence and competence, the transparency and
the establishment of respectful relationship with the partners.
provides training to its own technical staff on nuclear and radiation safety
and in technical review and evaluation in support to regulatory authority.
and international courses to NRA’s staff and TSO’s staff are organized by ITER
in the area of regulatory functions, licensing process and basic nuclear safety
principles, regulatory review of NPP conceptual design, regulatory review of
site analysis and requirements, equipment qualification, commissioning of NF,
organization and quality management inside the Nuclear Regulatory Authority, use
of PSA for regulatory review and evaluation and SAR review
codes to perform technical review are available and suitable for training
application of trainees in the areas of accident analysis, severe accidents,
mechanical and civil structures, reliability analysis.
BNRA - Bulgarian Nuclear Regulatory Agency (BG)
- The Bulgarian Nuclear Regulatory Agency was established by Council of
Ministers Decree No. 603 of 4 June 1957, following the ratification by Bulgaria
of the Statute of the International Atomic Energy Agency.
the Act on the Safe Use of Nuclear Energy, BNRA is an independent specialized
body of the executive power, which is responsible for the state regulation of
the safe use of nuclear energy and ionizing radiation and of the safe
management of radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel.
mission is the protection of people, society, future generations and
environment from the harmful effects of ionizing radiation. BNRA structure,
activity and organization are determined in the Rules of Procedure of the
organization. BNRA administration is organized in General and Specialized
has the responsibility and authority
- Grant, amend, supplement, renew, suspend and revoke licenses and
permits (authorizations) for safe implementation of nuclear activities;
- Control the fulfillment of safety requirements and standards related
to the safe use of nuclear energy and ionizing radiation;
- Issue and withdraw individual licenses to work at nuclear facilities
or with sources of ionizing radiation;
- Undertake enforcement measures and impose administrative penalties in
the cases provided for under the law;
- Assign (contract) external expertise, researches and studies related
to nuclear safety and radiation protection;
- Implement the interactions with other competent governmental
authorities of the executive power in the are of nuclear energy and ionizing
- Provide individuals, legal entities and state bodies with objective
information referring to nuclear safety and radiation protection;
- Implement the international co-operation of the Republic of Bulgaria
in the field of safe use of nuclear energy and ionizing radiation, and safety
of radioactive waste management and spent fuel management; etc.
perform its assigned functions BNRA maintain and continuously improve its
expert capabilities. BNRA has 114 permanent positions, most employees being
under state service contracts (civil servants). The status of the civil
servants provides the positions of experts and inspectors with a security in
terms of their relations with the employer, a clear procedure for career
development, and opportunities for increase of qualification.
Almost all expert
positions (over 95%) are taken by university graduates with Master’s degrees,
and some of them with PhD degrees. The employees with higher education are
involved plainly in the field of technical sciences and humanities. Russian language is fluently spoken by BNRA
has developed and implements internal training program for its employees. It
keeps close contacts with the IAEA and OECD/NEA.
BNRA has available a Training Centre at its premises e in Sofia by which it is
ensured the implementation of intensive training of the new personnel. The
national and international technical meetings, training courses and workshops
aim at acquainting the personnel with the national and international regulatory
practices, requirements of the new legislative framework, development of legal
documents according to Act on the Safe Use of Nuclear Energy (ASUNE) and the
European legislation, etc.
training center consists of two halls – one of them with capacity for 35
trainees, the second one is with capacity for 10 trainees. In order to
facilitate the training process the Training Center is equipped with the
advanced multimedia facilities.
that time BNRA has hosted a significant number international meeting, training
courses and workshops at the Training Centre.
BNRA can provide
training and tutoring of staff from regulatory body in various fields strictly
linked with the regulatory function and responsibility including, for instance,
licensing management, regulatory inspections, decision making process,
has available technical support for technical review and assessment by a number
of TSO organizations (ATP, Risk Engineering, ENPRO, Energy Institute, BAS,
etc.) which have available competences, computer tools and provide also support
for training activity in specialist field. Knowledge of previous and current
developed technology of Russia WWER technology is fully available.
responsible for the management of national radiological monitoring network, and
as such has available competence and experience in this field of
As part of the Government BNRA is a non-profit organization and its
budget is approved annually by the Law on State Budget.
ISPRA – Istituto Superiore
Protezione Ricerca Ambientale (IT) (Subcontractor) – It
is the Italian Nuclear Regulatory Authority. It is a
public Institute, institutionally under the competence of the Italian Ministry
of Environment. As it concerns the role of Italian Nuclear Regulatory
Authority, ISPRA (before of APAT, ANPA, ENEA DISP, CNEN-DISP) keeping all the
previous responsibilities and duties
concerning the licensing and the control of all the activities related to the peaceful
use of nuclear energy and radiation
As nuclear regulator ISPRA’s activities include: definition of safety
objectives, safety principles and criteria, issue of technical guidelines in
the field of nuclear safety and radiation protection, safety assessment of
design, construction and operation of nuclear installation, inspection and
enforcement during construction and operation of nuclear installation, control
of radiation protection of workers and public, monitoring of environmental
radioactivity, control of the industrial and civil use of radioisotopes and
radiation generating machines, control of transportation of radioactive and
fissile materials, control of nuclear waste management and storage, licensing
and control of decommissioning activity of nuclear installation, implementation
of safeguards agreements under Non Proliferation Treaty.
Significant technical competencies are developed and maintained in the
Italian Nuclear Regulator in the field of licensing and related technical
assessments ensuring capability at national level to assess safety issues also
in the perspective of reconsideration in Italy of the nuclear option in the
In addition to the institutional activities related to the controls
attaining nuclear safety and radiation protection for NPP under
decommissioning, transport of radioactive materials, waste management, specific
safety study activities have been performed in the past years for reactors of
new design which might be acceptable to the Italian context.
Attention has been given to the analysis of the new plant design
concepts and related safety objectives, criteria and design solutions.
ISPRA experience and practice in Environmental Radioactive Monitoring
and assessment of doses from radioactive releases last since decades. A number
of codes are available to assess the effects of radioactive releases from
nuclear installations. ISPRA (Centre of Nuclear Emergency) is directly
responsible for the managing of an environmental monitoring system based on a
network of about 60 gamma detectors distributed over the territory and 7
stations equipped with continuous gamma spectrometry. The ISPRA Nuclear Emergency Centre is part of
the European system EURDEP for the quick exchange of radiometric data in the
case of an emergency.
Moreover the Italian Nuclear Regulator, in coherence with its
institutional role since 1992 participated in multilateral and bilateral
programs of assistance to Eastern European Countries in the field of nuclear
and radiation safety.
The Italian Nuclear Regulator has contributed since middle of nineties
to the EU enlargement process participating in the working groups and review
missions of the European Union Council dealing with the evaluation of nuclear
safety of candidate countries. ISPRA is member of the WENRA and member of the
ISPRA has contributed in many regulatory assistance projects in the
frame of EU PHARE, TACIS and INSC Programs.
The participation in the EC initiatives, carried out by ISPRA, has aimed:
- to promote clear definition and
interpretation of different roles and responsibilities of NRA and NPP
- to strengthen regulatory regime
(legal framework, role and functions, organizational and technical
capabilities, inspection and enforcement capability, etc.).
- to transfer western methodology,
approaches and tools for licensing analysis in nuclear safety and radiation
- to support Regulatory Authority
and related TSO organizations in specific licensing assessment activity.
The Italian Nuclear Regulator has contributed to various
PHARE, TACIS or INSC projects to strengthen Regulatory Authority (Slovenia,
Russia, Slovakia, Romania, Lithuania, Ukraine, Armenia, Georgia, Egypt)
covering aspects related to: legal
framework and regulations, licensing
procedures and requirements, siting safety requirements, licensing management,
methodological approach and safety assessments for licensing of plant
modifications, periodic safety review, emergency preparedness, radioactive
waste management, decommissioning requirements and licensing approach, transportation
of radioactive material, in service inspection.
The Italian Nuclear Regulator has provided, since seventies in the
frame of bilateral cooperation (and EC
projects) tutoring activity for Regulator/TSO staff coming from ex-Czechoslovakia,
Bulgaria, Pakistan, Romania, Ukraine, Lithuania, etc. Suitable facilities for
organization and implementation of training courses and tutoring activity are
available at ISPRA premises.
Jozef Stefan Institute (SI)
- The Jožef Stefan Institute is the leading Slovenian research organization. It
is responsible for a broad spectrum of basic and applied research in the fields
of natural sciences and technology. The staff of around 850 specialists in
research in physics, chemistry and biochemistry, electronics and information
science, nuclear technology and nuclear safety, energy utilization and
The Institute was founded in 1949 at a time when scientific research was
expanding rapidly throughout the world. Initially established as an institute
for Physics within the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts, it is today
involved in a wide variety of fields of both scientific and economic interest.
After more than 60 years of scientific achievement, the Institute has become
part of the image of Slovenia. The basic goals of the Institute are to provide
expert scientific and applied output in the form of processes, products and
consultancy, and to produce well-trained young scientists.
The underlying philosophy is that these
objectives can be achieved only if based on international class scientific
research. With this in mind, the in-house research has been reinforced by
building strong links to universities, other research institutions and
industry. The Institute is closely connected with the Slovenian universities,
where many scientists who initially developed their research talents at the
Institute have been appointed to teaching posts, while still retaining their
research positions or research teams at the Institute. Since 1985 more than 800
postgraduate students have gained their MSc. and Ph.D. degrees at the
Institute. Close contacts are also maintained with secondary schools, providing
work practice on research projects in natural sciences and organizing regular
visits to the laboratories.
From the beginning the research activity of
the Institute has also been oriented towards research in the field of nuclear
physics and the use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes. At the Reactor
Centre in Podgorica four Institute research departments and several centres
were established. A TRIGA MARK II research reactor is operated at this location
The Department of the Low and Medium Energy
Physics performs research on atomic and nuclear physics and is also engaged in
radiological environmental protection, namely the regulation of nuclear
facilities and the control of the level of radioactive substances in food and
the environment. In was for this reason that the Ecological Laboratory, with
its mobile unit, was established.
The main research areas of the Reactor
Physics Department are theoretical, experimental and applied reactor physics,
plasma physics, nuclear fragmentation, neutron dosimetry, neutron radiography,
the physics of semiconducting devices and oncology.
The Reactor Engineering Division performs
nuclear engineering and safety research covering the modelling of basic
thermal-hydrodynamical processes, thermal-hydrodynamical safety analyses of design
basis accident and severe accidents, structural safety analyses and
probabilistic safety analyses.
Computer codes dealing with different field
of engineering safety review of NPP and NF are available with respect to core
neutronics, T/H, containment, structural and reliability analyses. The
multidisciplinary research of the Department of Environmental Sciences focuses
on the combination of reciprocal physical, chemical and biological processes
that influence our environment.
The Jožef Stefan Institute operates the
Nuclear Training Centre. The main activities include the training of future
Krško NPP operators and hosting the international training courses organized by
The professional courses divided in the
theoretical training of about 6 months, followed by a detailed description
of all technological systems of Krško
NPP (6 months).
A standard course on the basics of NPP
Technology is also performed regularly. The first four weeks include nuclear
and reactor physics, thermal-hydraulics and heat transfer, radiation protection, electrical engineering, materials and nuclear
safety. During the second four weeks we teach basics about the important
technological systems of the Krško NPP and related safety aspects. The Nuclear
Training Centre (ICJT) at the Jožef Stefan Institute has a long and rich
tradition in organizing international training courses, workshops and seminars.
In the past quarter of century more than 100 such courses have been organized,
mostly in collaboration with the IAEA. There have been 2120 international
participants and lecturers from 105 countries attending these events.
A list of international courses performed
in the last ten years by JSI is included in Annex 5.
The training facilities include four
lecture rooms with 70, 46, 21 and 10 seats respectively. There is also a
simulator of the Krško NPP.
The Jožef Stefan Institute is appointed as
a Technical Support Organization to the Slovene nuclear regulatory body (URSJV)
in questions related to the safety of nuclear and radiation facilities. Computer
codes dealing with T/H, core design, structural analysis and probabilistic risk
assessment are available for application and tutoring activity for NRA and TSOs
NRG - Nuclear Research & Consultancy Group (NL) - The Nuclear Research
& consultancy Group (NRG) located at Petten and Arnhem in the Netherlands
offers a wide range of services to energy utilities, government organizations
and other private and public sectors, the medical sector and financial
services. NRG has extended capabilities for technical assessment in the field
of nuclear and radiation safety which are provided to national technical
support and international cooperation.
NRG has dedicated staff of about 350 employees. NRG has available
research facilities and laboratories: like a 45 MW research reactor (the HFR),
hot-cell labs (HCL), laboratories for research and analyses, decontamination
facilities and the radio-isotope production facilities.
One of NRGs’ services is training and education. The training and
education is offered to NRG employees as well as to trainees from clients of
NRG. All courses are offered at regular bases and as ‘in-company’ courses.
Trainings are given in the field of radiation protection (continuous education
and further training) and nuclear technology and nuclear safety (mostly
Since the introduction of nuclear energy in the Netherlands, NRG
provides nuclear education and training to acquire and maintain the knowledge
and skills of the personnel of nuclear installations. The unique combination of
the experienced staff and the availability of nuclear facilities provide added
value to the various education and training courses organised at the Petten
site. In 2010 three different nuclear
courses have been organised. These courses were: Introduction of nuclear power,
Basic course in nuclear engineering and an advanced course in nuclear
engineering. All these nuclear courses are given annually and everyone at NRG
can subscribe to these courses as well as people from outside NRG.
In addition NRG organizes training courses
on radiation protection for employees from different industries and from public
services, such as fire brigade and medical services. For the latter services
also training in handling emergency situations is provided.
The training activity of NRG includes also
topics related to quality management systems.
Computer codes are available in the area of
reactor physics, T/H, severe accidents, radiological consequences, structural
and stress analysis, probabilistic analysis.
Suitable facilities are available for
conducting training courses.
SCK·CEN - Studiecentrum voor Kernenergie (BE)- SCK-CEN is the Belgian Nuclear Research Centre created in 1952. It is a Foundation of Public
Utility with a legal status according to private law under the tutorial of the
Belgian Federal Minister in charge of Energy.
SCK•CEN is one of the largest research
centres in Belgium with laboratories in Mol and registered office in Brussels.
Today, about 670 employees advance the peaceful industrial and medical
applications of ionising radiation and contribute to SCK•CEN's overall purpose:
maintain a centre of excellence for research and peaceful applications of
nuclear science. SCK has competence and capabilities in the field of nuclear
and radiation safety available for national and international activities.
Statutory mission -
SCK•CEN was created in order to give the Belgian academic and industrial world
access to the worldwide development of nuclear energy. Since 1991, the
statutory mission gives the priority to research on issues of societal concern:
- Safety of nuclear installations
- Radiation protection
- Safe treatment and disposal of radioactive
- Fight against uncontrolled proliferation of
also develops, gathers and spreads its knowledge through education and
communication, and its available know-how and installations are also used for
services to the nuclear and industry, the medical sector and the government in
the area of nuclear institutions.
and training - Thanks to its thorough experience in the field of peaceful
applications of nuclear science, SCK•CEN is reputed to be an outstanding centre
of research. But SCK•CEN is also an important partner for education and
training (E&T) projects (to the nuclear sector, the medical and non-nuclear
sector), in Belgium as well as at the international level. The Centre's
know-how and infrastructure are available for these E&T purposes. With the
launch of its Academy for Nuclear Science and Technology, SCK•CEN will give its
E&T activities clear support and visibility towards nuclear industry, the
medical sector, the non-nuclear industry and governmental and research
organisations that deal with the applications of radioactivity.
The instructors of the courses are SCK•CEN
staff who, based on their technical and academic education, deal with the topic
of their module on a daily basis. In addition, due to their years of
educational experience they are specialised in "translating" the
often complex (technical) matter into practical situations. A number of
computer codes for technical assessments are available in the field of nuclear
and radiation safety for tutoring activity of experts from NRA and TSO
In December 2010, SCK•CEN obtained the QFOR
SNSA – Slovenian
Nuclear Safety Administration (SI) (Subcontractor) – It
is the Slovenian Nuclear Regulatory Authority. The SNSA
is a part of the state administration, established to perform administrative,
inspection and other control tasks in the area of nuclear safety. The SNSA is
an independent body within the Ministry of the Environment and Spatial Planning.
The SNSA has its own budget, which is a part of the budget of the Ministry.
The SNSA performs specialised technical and administrative tasks and
inspection oversight in the area of radiation and nuclear safety, radiation
practices and use of radiation sources (except in health and veterinary care),
protection of the environment against ionising radiation, physical protection
of nuclear materials and nuclear facilities, non-proliferation of nuclear
weapons and safeguards of nuclear goods; the SNSA furthermore monitors
radioactivity in the environment, third party liability, and transport, import
and export of radioactive materials. The SNSA is competent for giving the
consents in the licensing of the construction of a nuclear or radiation
facility, carrying out the mining works, start of trial operation and closure
of the repository of radioactive waste, spent nuclear fuel or mining and
milling waste. Furthermore SNSA is issuing licences for the construction,
cessation of operation, start and/or completion of the decommissioning of the
nuclear and radiation facility, closure of the repository and completion of
mining works for nuclear mineral raw materials.
The staff of the SNSA is interdisciplinary, consisting of employees
with different educational backgrounds: physicists, mechanical, electrical,
chemical, civil and mining engineers, metallurgists, geologists, lawyers,
political scientists, linguists, librarians, economists and administrative
The SNSA is in a possession of significant technical competencies,
such as licensing of nuclear power plant and research reactor modifications, as
well as related review and assessments, analysis of operating experience,
performance indicators, operations monitoring, drafting the regulations and
internal procedures. The core processes run by the SNSA are:
- Drafting of regulation,
- Licensing and safety
- Inspection and enforcement,
- Emergency preparedness,
- Evaluation reports,
- International cooperation.
which are in line with the IAEA Safety
Standards Series No. GS-R-3 "The Management System for Facilities and
Activities", as well as in compliance with the standard ISO 9001:2008,
which previous version (ISO 9001:2000) was acquired in 2007.
In the area of nuclear safety the examples of important regulatory
review and evaluations tasks performed recently comprise: plant life extension,
PSR (the Krško NPP, Triga RR), flooding threat re-evaluation, environmental
qualification, various plant modifications (e.g. reactor head replacement, 3rd diesel generator. The
radiation monitoring section deals with on-line early warning system (EWS), environmental
contamination data collection, runs database on radiological data in the
environment and is capable of modelling of contamination dispersion during
emergencies. The SNSA inspection team has experience in the oversight of
nuclear power plant, research reactor, uranium mine (in decommissioning),
radioactive waste storage and various radiation practices. The emergency
preparedness division provides support in transforming a small regulatory body
into an efficient emergency response organization, which provides advice to the
national level decision makers, as well as provide information to abroad in
line with the international obligations and also to meet the need of domestic
SNSA has experience as the beneficiary as well as the provider of EC
assistance. From 1995 to 2001 the SNSA received the assistance within the RAMG
framework to harmonize its practices and regulations with the western
standards. This assistance proved useful, thus the SNSA successfully finished
aligning domestic nuclear and radiation protection legislation with the EU
In the recent years the Slovenian legislation was fully harmonized
with the latest WENRA requirements, which puts Slovenia among the first countries
achieving this goal.
The past experience as beneficiary of the EC assistance allows us to
have direct knowledge of needs and
priorities for capacity development in NRA of new partner countries and
corresponding expectation in the filed of training and tutoring.
Since 2006 SNSA is
providing assistance to western Balkan countries by participation in the EC
funded projects or on a bilateral basis, as for Serbia supporting the Serbian
regulator in developing its competence and in technical aspects of licensing referred
to decommissioning activity and transport of spent fuel from the Vinca RA
Research Reactor to Russia.
Within the IAEA Technical Cooperation programme the SNSA accepted
trainees from different countries, which spent up to three months in the SNSA.
These trainees were from Poland
(radiation monitoring and emergency preparedness), Georgia
(emergency preparedness), Montenegro (radioactive waste, emergency preparedness), Malta
(radioactive waste), Korea
(nuclear safety), Pakistan
(safety evaluations) and other countries. Suitable facilities are available for
conducting training courses in Ljubljana also in cooperation with the JSI which
is member of the consortium submitting the present technical offer.
STUK (FI) - STUK is the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of Finland, a public agency whose main
objective is to prevent and limit the harmful effects of radiation. STUK is the
safety authority for the use of nuclear energy and waste management. STUK owns
in its organization most of the competence necessary to carry out the licensing
STUK carries out research related to ionising and
non-ionising radiation and is involved with the national Finnish nuclear safety
and waste safety research programmes. Furthermore, STUK is the national
responsible organization for surveillance of environmental radioactivity and an
expert body in nuclear and radiation emergencies. STUK also offers expert
services in the field of nuclear and radiation safety and safeguards. The
operation of STUK is enacted by the Nuclear Energy Act, Nuclear Energy Decree,
Radiation Act and the Radiation Decree.
In Finland STUK regulates the activities related to two
nuclear power plants originating from two fully different cultures: the Loviisa
NPP from Soviet Union (WWER) and the Olkiluoto NPP (BWR) from Sweden. The
licensing of these two plants obliged the Finnish authorities to acquire deep
technical competence in all relevant areas of technology. The Loviisa NPP was
the first Soviet-designed nuclear power plant licensed according to the Western
safety principles. Currently, the fifth reactor, European Pressurized Water
Reactor (EPR) is under construction at the Olkiluoto site. The plant vendor is
Consortium Areva - Siemens.
STUK is the national authority responsible for the
regulatory control of radiation safety in the use of radiation and radioactive
substances in health care, industry, research and education.
STUK is responsible for emergency preparedness
arrangements and assists the Ministry of Interiors in nuclear and radiation
STUK carries out research activities related to nuclear
safety. In recent years STUK has successfully participated in tens of research
projects financed by European Union.
In the frame of international cooperation, Finland has
actively supported the transition process of the Eastern European countries by
means of multilateral and bilateral programmes and in this process STUK has
provided its assistance through bilateral and multilateral cooperation in the
field of nuclear and radiation safety.
STUK has given a major contribution to the IAEA safety
evaluation of VVER and RBMK reactors, chairing expert groups that prepared IAEA
reports forming the basis for safety improvements of different types of VVER
actively participated in the EU financed regulatory assistance programmes to
the Central and Eastern European countries. STUK has been the technical coordinator
of the Union’s assistance programme in Hungary and has implemented a large
part of the programme including a specific PHARE projects such as Regulatory
Institutional Support, Maintenance and Ageing, Level 2 PSA and Safeguards. STUK
experts have also participated in the EU’s regulatory assistance programmes in Romania, Bulgaria,
Lithuania, the Slovak Republic,
the Czech Republic, Russia, Ukraine and Armenia and Kazakhstan.
Recently, the duties have been extended along the global EU instrument INSC
also to European neighbourhood such as Egypt, Jordan and Morocco as well as to
Latin America such as Brazil and Mexico.
STUK provides continuously training to
its own regulatory staff members on nuclear and radiation safety and regulatory
practices. It includes development of initial training arrangements and
transfer of experience and know-how to new staff members on nuclear safety and
regulatory practices. Training includes training courses and on the job
training arrangements with experienced inspectors according to internal
guidance. There are two major courses provided on annual basis
STUK also provides regulatory training
to foreign staff members in English. They are for newcomers and experienced
experts in nuclear and radiation safety fields mainly in the regulatory body.
Plant visits are also organized.
STUK also utilizes the services of VTT, Technical
Research Centre of Finland that is the main TSO for the Finnish regulatory body
in the field of nuclear safety and waste management. VTT has a staff of 100-150
professionals in the field of nuclear safety. The total staff of VTT is over
2700. The roles and duties of both STUK and VTT have been defined in the
Finnish legislation; so they are governmental institutes with non-profit role
to support government in the safety and technology related issues. VTT has
specific research teams for nuclear safety and waste management. They have
capacity and capability to utilize both experimental and nuclear and radiation
safety related migration analysis methods. VTT has made research and technical
support work for all Finnish NPPs as well. As a summary, Finnish organizations
STUK and VTT have worked together over 30 years successfully as part of the
regulatory work in Finland