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PROJECT TEAM

(LOT1)

 

The consortium made of ITER-Consult (IT), BNRA  (BG), JSI  (SI), NRG (NL), SCK·CEN  (BE) and STUK  (FI) including the identified subcontractors ISPRA (IT) and SNSA (SI) constitutes the Project Team represented by ITER-Consult for the EU INSC Project MC.03/10.

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The ‘’project team’’ ensures the required skills, knowhow, and human resources to correctly and effectively fulfil the project objectives, implement the activities and reach the expected results.
The proposed project team includes EU NRAs (BNRA, ISPRA, SNSA and STUK), EU TSOs (ITER, NRG, JSI) and important EU research centres (JSI, SCK-CEN). It owns all competencies required to be transferred and developed in the beneficiary NRAs and TSOs through the training and tutoring activities of the project: these competences are normally exercised in the day-to-day regulatory and technical support activity of its members.
The team members implement training courses in the field of nuclear and radiation safety for their internal use or for external services. The internal training activity refers both to development of competencies for newcomers and knowledge management.
The field of knowledge and experience of our team include: regulatory responsibilities and functions; management of licensing activities; regulatory decision process and authorization; inspection and enforcement; deterministic and probabilistic safety;  safety assessment and safety evaluation in the licensing phases for siting, design, construction, operation and upgrading of NPP and other nuclear facilities including RRs, RW and SF management facilities;  review of SAR and PSA content, perform independent safety assessment by use of qualified codes, regulatory licensing of decommissioning activities, use of radioactive sources. As technology, they have full experience of BWR, PWR and WWER type of NPP and several types of RRS.
The team has significant experience in cooperation with NRAs and TSOs of beneficiary countries transferring technical knowledge, methods and EU practices. This experience includes also the advising for competence development and the setting up of training programs.
The team has direct experience of training and tutoring tasks of EC cooperation projects (Tacis, Phare and INSC programs) and also of the IAEA Technical cooperation (TC) training activity.
The capacity and experience of our team, capitalizing from the strength of each team partner and subcontractor, is such to ensure the effective implementation and execution of project activities and the best benefit for the beneficiaries.
To be underlined the participation as ‘’consortium members’’ of the regulatory bodies from Finland and Bulgaria having both experience, since decades, of regulation, licensing and supervision of NPP and nuclear facilities. This will allow the team to benefit of the regulatory point of view in the implementation of project activities, in the understanding of needs of the partner countries and in designing and implementing training courses with contents, as close as possible, to the needs of the beneficiary NRAs/TSOs of partner countries.
In addition to STUK and BNRA it is envisaged the participation, as subcontractors, of two more regulators: the Italian Nuclear Regulatory Body (ISPRA) and the Slovenian Nuclear Regulatory Body (SNSA).  So four EU regulators are present in the team and will provide their contribution for the activity of the LOT 1: they are all members of ENSREG and their presence will ensure and facilitate the transfer of correspondent agreed EU policies and practices, which is one of the purposes of the project.
Very relevant for the project objective is the in-progress construction activity in Finland and in Bulgaria of two NPPs (both PWR with slightly different technology from different suppliers) which represent a fresh and unique opportunity to use the related experience and feedback in the T&T activity for the staff of new embarking countries.
The partners of our team are normally cooperating with IAEA in working groups and committees dealing with international cooperation, capacity building programs and initiatives including professional trainings. This facilitates the coordination and cooperation with IAEA during the project implementation.
Finally the configuration of the consortium guarantees its full neutrality in the performance of the work, since no member is in conflict of interest in proposing particular approaches or solutions. It is also underlined the attitude of the team to promote nuclear safety and in no event the nuclear technology as such, in coherence with the INSC regulation.
ITER-Consult (IT) is the consortium leader. It will manage the contract, will act as project co-ordinator and will have strong involvement in task realization.
ITER-Consult is an expert organization that provides technical assessments and independent evaluation and review in the field of nuclear and radiation safety for design, construction, commissioning, operation and decommissioning of nuclear facilities, with the final objective to ensure protection of workers, public and environment.
The services are provided to Nuclear Regulatory Authorities, Public Administrations, Governments, European Union institutions and other international organizations (e.g IAEA) in support of their regulatory, licensing and study activities, being therefore at the service of national and international community. ITER has long lasting experience in international cooperation and participation in EC cooperation projects.
The technical capabilities of ITER-Consult are multidisciplinary and cover the major areas of nuclear safety, radiation safety and waste safety with respect to site evaluation, design, construction, commissioning, operation, decommissioning of nuclear installations and radioactive waste and spent fuel management.  Support to Nuclear Regulatory Authorities in licensing activity is provided by performing technical evaluations and reviews of site analysis reports, safety analysis reports, environmental impact reports, periodic safety reviews and other relevant safety reports.
The internal organization ensures:

                     -    projects’ technical management and coordination

                     -    technical review and supervision

                     -    resources management

                     -    coordination of internal and external interface

                     -    quality management system

                     -    administrative and financial management

 

ITER-Consult is cetified ISO-2008 n.73 1003117

In its activity ITER-Consult cooperates with national and international organizations on nuclear safety related activities. National cooperation is in place with ISPRA, MSE, MAE, Universities, ENEA, CIRTEN, Consortium Quality and Innovation (QUINN) for activities in nuclear field.

At European level long-lasting cooperation is established with EU NRAs and TSOs organizations. In particular common technical tasks, in the frame of EU Cooperation projects,  are performed with EU and Eastern Europe  NRAs and TSOs: France   (ASN, IRSN); Germany (BMU, GRS); Belgium (BelV); Sweden (SSM); England (HSE/NII); Finland (STUK, VTT); Romania (CNCAN); Bulgaria (BNRA, Risk Engineering); Lithuania (VATESI, RPC, LEI); Slovakia (UJD); Czech Republic (SUJB, NRI); Russia (Rostechnadzor, SEC-NRS,VO-Safety); Ukraine (SNRCU,SSTC); Armenia (ANRA,NRSC); Georgia (NRSS), Jordan (JNRC), Morocco (MNRA) .

The experience of ITER-Consult in the EU cooperation projects with NRAs and TSOs of beneficiary countries includes transfer of know-how, assessment methodologies and the performing of training and tutoring activities.

At international level relevant cooperation is in place with the IAEA in the field of safety review of NPP, development of safety guides and in the activities of the International Seismic Safety Centre (ISSC). For the latter to be mentioned the cooperation in the working areas related to:  Seismic Hazard, Seismic design and qualification, Site external natural and non-natural events, Seismic safety evaluation, Interaction with public and media.

ITER-Consult and its expertise has covered technical tasks and provided technical support in different areas related to nuclear and radiation safety including the legal and regulatory framework.
Leadership and coordination have been effectively carried out in international projects for technical support in regulatory and licensing activities related to siting, construction, commissioning, and operation and upgrading of nuclear facilities.

The values of ITER-Consult in providing its services are the professional independence and competence, the transparency and the establishment of respectful relationship with the partners.

ITER provides training to its own technical staff on nuclear and radiation safety and in technical review and evaluation in support to regulatory authority.
National and international courses to NRA’s staff and TSO’s staff are organized by ITER in the area of regulatory functions, licensing process and basic nuclear safety principles, regulatory review of NPP conceptual design, regulatory review of site analysis and requirements, equipment qualification, commissioning of NF, organization and quality management inside the Nuclear Regulatory Authority, use of PSA for regulatory review and evaluation and SAR review
Computer codes to perform technical review are available and suitable for training application of trainees in the areas of accident analysis, severe accidents, mechanical and civil structures, reliability analysis.

BNRA - Bulgarian Nuclear Regulatory Agency (BG) - The Bulgarian Nuclear Regulatory Agency was established by Council of Ministers Decree No. 603 of 4 June 1957, following the ratification by Bulgaria of the Statute of the International Atomic Energy Agency.
Under the Act on the Safe Use of Nuclear Energy, BNRA is an independent specialized body of the executive power, which is responsible for the state regulation of the safe use of nuclear energy and ionizing radiation and of the safe management of radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel.
BNRA mission is the protection of people, society, future generations and environment from the harmful effects of ionizing radiation. BNRA structure, activity and organization are determined in the Rules of Procedure of the organization. BNRA administration is organized in General and Specialized Administration.
BNRA has the responsibility and authority to:

                     -    Grant, amend, supplement, renew, suspend and revoke licenses and permits (authorizations) for safe implementation of nuclear activities;

                     -    Control the fulfillment of safety requirements and standards related to the safe use of nuclear energy and ionizing radiation;

                     -    Issue and withdraw individual licenses to work at nuclear facilities or with sources of ionizing radiation;

                     -    Undertake enforcement measures and impose administrative penalties in the cases provided for under the law;

                     -    Assign (contract) external expertise, researches and studies related to nuclear safety and radiation protection;

                     -    Implement the interactions with other competent governmental authorities of the executive power in the are of nuclear energy and ionizing                     radiation utilization;

                     -    Provide individuals, legal entities and state bodies with objective information referring to nuclear safety and radiation protection;

                     -    Implement the international co-operation of the Republic of Bulgaria in the field of safe use of nuclear energy and ionizing radiation, and safety                     of radioactive waste management and spent fuel management; etc.

To effectively perform its assigned functions BNRA maintain and continuously improve its expert capabilities. BNRA has 114 permanent positions, most employees being under state service contracts (civil servants). The status of the civil servants provides the positions of experts and inspectors with a security in terms of their relations with the employer, a clear procedure for career development, and opportunities for increase of qualification.
Almost all expert positions (over 95%) are taken by university graduates with Master’s degrees, and some of them with PhD degrees. The employees with higher education are involved plainly in the field of technical sciences and humanities.  Russian language is fluently spoken by BNRA experienced staff.
BNRA has developed and implements internal training program for its employees. It keeps close contacts with the IAEA and OECD/NEA.
Since
2003 BNRA has available a Training Centre at its premises e in Sofia by which it is ensured the implementation of intensive training of the new personnel. The national and international technical meetings, training courses and workshops aim at acquainting the personnel with the national and international regulatory practices, requirements of the new legislative framework, development of legal documents according to Act on the Safe Use of Nuclear Energy (ASUNE) and the European legislation, etc.
The training center consists of two halls – one of them with capacity for 35 trainees, the second one is with capacity for 10 trainees. In order to facilitate the training process the Training Center is equipped with the advanced multimedia facilities.
Since that time BNRA has hosted a significant number international meeting, training courses and workshops at the Training Centre.

BNRA can provide training and tutoring of staff from regulatory body in various fields strictly linked with the regulatory function and responsibility including, for instance, licensing management, regulatory inspections, decision making process, emergency preparedness.

BNRA has available technical support for technical review and assessment by a number of TSO organizations (ATP, Risk Engineering, ENPRO, Energy Institute, BAS, etc.) which have available competences, computer tools and provide also support for training activity in specialist field. Knowledge of previous and current developed technology of Russia WWER technology is fully available.
BNRA is responsible for the management of national radiological monitoring network, and as such has available competence and experience in this field of responsibility.

As part of the Government BNRA is a non-profit organization and its budget is approved annually by the Law on State Budget.

ISPRA – Istituto Superiore Protezione Ricerca Ambientale (IT) (Subcontractor) – It is the Italian Nuclear Regulatory Authority. It is a public Institute, institutionally under the competence of the Italian Ministry of Environment. As it concerns the role of Italian Nuclear Regulatory Authority, ISPRA (before of APAT, ANPA,  ENEA DISP, CNEN-DISP) keeping all the previous  responsibilities and duties concerning the licensing and the control of all the activities related to the peaceful  use of nuclear energy and radiation sources.
As nuclear regulator ISPRA’s activities include: definition of safety objectives, safety principles and criteria, issue of technical guidelines in the field of nuclear safety and radiation protection, safety assessment of design, construction and operation of nuclear installation, inspection and enforcement during construction and operation of nuclear installation, control of radiation protection of workers and public, monitoring of environmental radioactivity, control of the industrial and civil use of radioisotopes and radiation generating machines, control of transportation of radioactive and fissile materials, control of nuclear waste management and storage, licensing and control of decommissioning activity of nuclear installation, implementation of safeguards agreements under Non Proliferation Treaty.
Significant technical competencies are developed and maintained in the Italian Nuclear Regulator in the field of licensing and related technical assessments ensuring capability at national level to assess safety issues also in the perspective of reconsideration in Italy of the nuclear option in the future.
In addition to the institutional activities related to the controls attaining nuclear safety and radiation protection for NPP under decommissioning, transport of radioactive materials, waste management, specific safety study activities have been performed in the past years for reactors of new design which might be acceptable to the Italian context.
Attention has been given to the analysis of the new plant design concepts and related safety objectives, criteria and design solutions.
ISPRA experience and practice in Environmental Radioactive Monitoring and assessment of doses from radioactive releases last since decades. A number of codes are available to assess the effects of radioactive releases from nuclear installations. ISPRA (Centre of Nuclear Emergency) is directly responsible for the managing of an environmental monitoring system based on a network of about 60 gamma detectors distributed over the territory and 7 stations equipped with continuous gamma spectrometry.  The ISPRA Nuclear Emergency Centre is part of the European system EURDEP for the quick exchange of radiometric data in the case of an emergency.
Moreover the Italian Nuclear Regulator, in coherence with its institutional role since 1992 participated in multilateral and bilateral programs of assistance to Eastern European Countries in the field of nuclear and radiation safety.
The Italian Nuclear Regulator has contributed since middle of nineties to the EU enlargement process participating in the working groups and review missions of the European Union Council dealing with the evaluation of nuclear safety of candidate countries. ISPRA is member of the WENRA and member of the ENSREG.
ISPRA has contributed in many regulatory assistance projects in the frame of EU PHARE, TACIS and INSC Programs.  The participation in the EC initiatives, carried out by ISPRA, has aimed:

                     -    to promote clear definition and interpretation of different roles and responsibilities of NRA and NPP operators.

                     -    to strengthen regulatory regime (legal framework, role and functions, organizational and technical capabilities, inspection and enforcement                     capability, etc.).

                     -    to transfer western methodology, approaches and tools for licensing analysis in nuclear safety and radiation protection.

          -    to support Regulatory Authority and related TSO organizations in specific licensing assessment activity.
The Italian Nuclear Regulator has contributed to various PHARE, TACIS or INSC projects to strengthen Regulatory Authority (Slovenia, Russia, Slovakia, Romania, Lithuania, Ukraine, Armenia, Georgia, Egypt) covering aspects related to:
  legal framework and  regulations, licensing procedures and requirements, siting safety requirements, licensing management, methodological approach and safety assessments for licensing of plant modifications, periodic safety review, emergency preparedness, radioactive waste management, decommissioning requirements and licensing approach, transportation of radioactive material, in service inspection.
The Italian Nuclear Regulator has provided, since seventies in the frame of bilateral cooperation  (and EC projects) tutoring activity for Regulator/TSO staff coming from ex-Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Pakistan, Romania, Ukraine, Lithuania, etc. Suitable facilities for organization and implementation of training courses and tutoring activity are available at ISPRA premises. 

 

JSI - Jozef Stefan Institute (SI) - The Jožef Stefan Institute is the leading Slovenian research organization. It is responsible for a broad spectrum of basic and applied research in the fields of natural sciences and technology. The staff of around 850 specialists in research in physics, chemistry and biochemistry, electronics and information science, nuclear technology and nuclear safety, energy utilization and environmental science.

The Institute was founded in 1949 at a time when scientific research was expanding rapidly throughout the world. Initially established as an institute for Physics within the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts, it is today involved in a wide variety of fields of both scientific and economic interest. After more than 60 years of scientific achievement, the Institute has become part of the image of Slovenia. The basic goals of the Institute are to provide expert scientific and applied output in the form of processes, products and consultancy, and to produce well-trained young scientists.

The underlying philosophy is that these objectives can be achieved only if based on international class scientific research. With this in mind, the in-house research has been reinforced by building strong links to universities, other research institutions and industry. The Institute is closely connected with the Slovenian universities, where many scientists who initially developed their research talents at the Institute have been appointed to teaching posts, while still retaining their research positions or research teams at the Institute. Since 1985 more than 800 postgraduate students have gained their MSc. and Ph.D. degrees at the Institute. Close contacts are also maintained with secondary schools, providing work practice on research projects in natural sciences and organizing regular visits to the laboratories.

From the beginning the research activity of the Institute has also been oriented towards research in the field of nuclear physics and the use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes. At the Reactor Centre in Podgorica four Institute research departments and several centres were established. A TRIGA MARK II research reactor is operated at this location since 1966.

The Department of the Low and Medium Energy Physics performs research on atomic and nuclear physics and is also engaged in radiological environmental protection, namely the regulation of nuclear facilities and the control of the level of radioactive substances in food and the environment. In was for this reason that the Ecological Laboratory, with its mobile unit, was established.

The main research areas of the Reactor Physics Department are theoretical, experimental and applied reactor physics, plasma physics, nuclear fragmentation, neutron dosimetry, neutron radiography, the physics of semiconducting devices and oncology.

The Reactor Engineering Division performs nuclear engineering and safety research covering the modelling of basic thermal-hydrodynamical processes, thermal-hydrodynamical safety analyses of design basis accident and severe accidents, structural safety analyses and probabilistic safety analyses.

Computer codes dealing with different field of engineering safety review of NPP and NF are available with respect to core neutronics, T/H, containment, structural and reliability analyses. The multidisciplinary research of the Department of Environmental Sciences focuses on the combination of reciprocal physical, chemical and biological processes that influence our environment.

The Jožef Stefan Institute operates the Nuclear Training Centre. The main activities include the training of future Krško NPP operators and hosting the international training courses organized by IAEA. 

The professional courses divided in the theoretical training of about 6 months, followed by a detailed description of  all technological systems of Krško NPP (6 months).

A standard course on the basics of NPP Technology is also performed regularly. The first four weeks include nuclear and reactor physics, thermal-hydraulics and heat transfer, radiation protection,  electrical engineering, materials and nuclear safety. During the second four weeks we teach basics about the important technological systems of the Krško NPP and related safety aspects. The Nuclear Training Centre (ICJT) at the Jožef Stefan Institute has a long and rich tradition in organizing international training courses, workshops and seminars. In the past quarter of century more than 100 such courses have been organized, mostly in collaboration with the IAEA. There have been 2120 international participants and lecturers from 105 countries attending these events.

A list of international courses performed in the last ten years by JSI is included in Annex 5.

The training facilities include four lecture rooms with 70, 46, 21 and 10 seats respectively. There is also a simulator of the Krško NPP.

The Jožef Stefan Institute is appointed as a Technical Support Organization to the Slovene nuclear regulatory body (URSJV) in questions related to the safety of nuclear and radiation facilities. Computer codes dealing with T/H, core design, structural analysis and probabilistic risk assessment are available for application and tutoring activity for NRA and TSOs organizations.

NRG - Nuclear Research & Consultancy Group (NL) - The Nuclear Research & consultancy Group (NRG) located at Petten and Arnhem in the Netherlands offers a wide range of services to energy utilities, government organizations and other private and public sectors, the medical sector and financial services. NRG has extended capabilities for technical assessment in the field of nuclear and radiation safety which are provided to national technical support and international cooperation.
NRG has dedicated staff of about 350 employees. NRG has available research facilities and laboratories: like a 45 MW research reactor (the HFR), hot-cell labs (HCL), laboratories for research and analyses, decontamination facilities and the radio-isotope production facilities.
One of NRGs’ services is training and education. The training and education is offered to NRG employees as well as to trainees from clients of NRG. All courses are offered at regular bases and as ‘in-company’ courses. Trainings are given in the field of radiation protection (continuous education and further training) and nuclear technology and nuclear safety (mostly education).
Since the introduction of nuclear energy in the Netherlands, NRG provides nuclear education and training to acquire and maintain the knowledge and skills of the personnel of nuclear installations. The unique combination of the experienced staff and the availability of nuclear facilities provide added value to the various education and training courses organised at the Petten site.  In 2010 three different nuclear courses have been organised. These courses were: Introduction of nuclear power, Basic course in nuclear engineering and an advanced course in nuclear engineering. All these nuclear courses are given annually and everyone at NRG can subscribe to these courses as well as people from outside NRG.
In addition NRG organizes training courses on radiation protection for employees from different industries and from public services, such as fire brigade and medical services. For the latter services also training in handling emergency situations is provided.
The training activity of NRG includes also topics related to quality management systems.
Computer codes are available in the area of reactor physics, T/H, severe accidents, radiological consequences, structural and stress analysis, probabilistic
analysis.
Suitable facilities are available for conducting training courses.

SCK·CEN - Studiecentrum voor Kernenergie (BE)-  SCK-CEN is the  Belgian Nuclear Research Centre  created in 1952. It is a Foundation of Public Utility with a legal status according to private law under the tutorial of the Belgian Federal Minister in charge of Energy.

SCK•CEN is one of the largest research centres in Belgium with laboratories in Mol and registered office in Brussels. Today, about 670 employees advance the peaceful industrial and medical applications of ionising radiation and contribute to SCK•CEN's overall purpose: maintain a centre of excellence for research and peaceful applications of nuclear science. SCK has competence and capabilities in the field of nuclear and radiation safety available for national and international activities.

Statutory mission - SCK•CEN was created in order to give the Belgian academic and industrial world access to the worldwide development of nuclear energy. Since 1991, the statutory mission gives the priority to research on issues of societal concern:

                     -    Safety of nuclear installations

                     -    Radiation protection

                     -    Safe treatment and disposal of radioactive waste

                     -    Fight against uncontrolled proliferation of fissile materials

 

SCK•CEN also develops, gathers and spreads its knowledge through education and communication, and its available know-how and installations are also used for services to the nuclear and industry, the medical sector and the government in the area of nuclear institutions.
Education and training - Thanks to its thorough experience in the field of peaceful applications of nuclear science, SCK•CEN is reputed to be an outstanding centre of research. But SCK•CEN is also an important partner for education and training (E&T) projects (to the nuclear sector, the medical and non-nuclear sector), in Belgium as well as at the international level. The Centre's know-how and infrastructure are available for these E&T purposes. With the launch of its Academy for Nuclear Science and Technology, SCK•CEN will give its E&T activities clear support and visibility towards nuclear industry, the medical sector, the non-nuclear industry and governmental and research organisations that deal with the applications of radioactivity.
The instructors of the courses are SCK•CEN staff who, based on their technical and academic education, deal with the topic of their module on a daily basis. In addition, due to their years of educational experience they are specialised in "translating" the often complex (technical) matter into practical situations. A number of computer codes for technical assessments are available in the field of nuclear and radiation safety for tutoring activity of experts from NRA and TSO organizations.
In December 2010, SCK•CEN obtained the QFOR quality label.

SNSA – Slovenian Nuclear Safety Administration (SI) (Subcontractor) – It is the Slovenian Nuclear Regulatory Authority. The SNSA is a part of the state administration, established to perform administrative, inspection and other control tasks in the area of nuclear safety. The SNSA is an independent body within the Ministry of the Environment and Spatial Planning. The SNSA has its own budget, which is a part of the budget of the Ministry.
The SNSA performs specialised technical and administrative tasks and inspection oversight in the area of radiation and nuclear safety, radiation practices and use of radiation sources (except in health and veterinary care), protection of the environment against ionising radiation, physical protection of nuclear materials and nuclear facilities, non-proliferation of nuclear weapons and safeguards of nuclear goods; the SNSA furthermore monitors radioactivity in the environment, third party liability, and transport, import and export of radioactive materials. The SNSA is competent for giving the consents in the licensing of the construction of a nuclear or radiation facility, carrying out the mining works, start of trial operation and closure of the repository of radioactive waste, spent nuclear fuel or mining and milling waste. Furthermore SNSA is issuing licences for the construction, cessation of operation, start and/or completion of the decommissioning of the nuclear and radiation facility, closure of the repository and completion of mining works for nuclear mineral raw materials.
The staff of the SNSA is interdisciplinary, consisting of employees with different educational backgrounds: physicists, mechanical, electrical, chemical, civil and mining engineers, metallurgists, geologists, lawyers, political scientists, linguists, librarians, economists and administrative workers.
The SNSA is in a possession of significant technical competencies, such as licensing of nuclear power plant and research reactor modifications, as well as related review and assessments, analysis of operating experience, performance indicators, operations monitoring, drafting the regulations and internal procedures. The core processes run by the SNSA are:

                     -    Drafting of regulation,

                     -    Licensing and safety assessment,

                     -    Inspection and enforcement,

                     -    Emergency preparedness,

                     -    Monitoring,

                     -    Evaluation reports,

                     -    International cooperation.

which are in line with the IAEA Safety Standards Series No. GS-R-3 "The Management System for Facilities and Activities", as well as in compliance with the standard ISO 9001:2008, which previous version (ISO 9001:2000) was acquired in 2007.

In the area of nuclear safety the examples of important regulatory review and evaluations tasks performed recently comprise: plant life extension, PSR (the Krško NPP, Triga RR), flooding threat re-evaluation, environmental qualification, various plant modifications (e.g. reactor head replacement, 3rd diesel generator. The radiation monitoring section deals with on-line early warning system (EWS), environmental contamination data collection, runs database on radiological data in the environment and is capable of modelling of contamination dispersion during emergencies. The SNSA inspection team has experience in the oversight of nuclear power plant, research reactor, uranium mine (in decommissioning), radioactive waste storage and various radiation practices. The emergency preparedness division provides support in transforming a small regulatory body into an efficient emergency response organization, which provides advice to the national level decision makers, as well as provide information to abroad in line with the international obligations and also to meet the need of domestic media.

SNSA has experience as the beneficiary as well as the provider of EC assistance. From 1995 to 2001 the SNSA received the assistance within the RAMG framework to harmonize its practices and regulations with the western standards. This assistance proved useful, thus the SNSA successfully finished aligning domestic nuclear and radiation protection legislation with the EU acquis.
In the recent years the Slovenian legislation was fully harmonized with the latest WENRA requirements, which puts Slovenia among the first countries achieving this goal.
The past experience as beneficiary of the EC assistance allows us to have direct knowledge of needs and  priorities for capacity development in NRA of new partner countries and corresponding expectation in the filed of training and tutoring.
Since 2006 SNSA is providing assistance to western Balkan countries by participation in the EC funded projects or on a bilateral basis, as for Serbia supporting the Serbian regulator in developing its competence and in technical aspects of licensing referred to decommissioning activity and transport of spent fuel from the Vinca RA Research Reactor to Russia.
Within the IAEA Technical Cooperation programme the SNSA accepted trainees from different countries, which spent up to three months in the SNSA. These trainees were from Poland (radiation monitoring and emergency preparedness), Georgia (emergency preparedness), Montenegro (radioactive waste, emergency preparedness), Malta (radioactive waste), Korea (nuclear safety), Pakistan (safety evaluations) and other countries. Suitable facilities are available for conducting training courses in Ljubljana also in cooperation with the JSI which is member of the consortium submitting the present technical offer.

STUK (FI) - STUK is the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of Finland, a public agency whose main objective is to prevent and limit the harmful effects of radiation. STUK is the safety authority for the use of nuclear energy and waste management. STUK owns in its organization most of the competence necessary to carry out the licensing assessment.

STUK carries out research related to ionising and non-ionising radiation and is involved with the national Finnish nuclear safety and waste safety research programmes. Furthermore, STUK is the national responsible organization for surveillance of environmental radioactivity and an expert body in nuclear and radiation emergencies. STUK also offers expert services in the field of nuclear and radiation safety and safeguards. The operation of STUK is enacted by the Nuclear Energy Act, Nuclear Energy Decree, Radiation Act and the Radiation Decree.

In Finland STUK regulates the activities related to two nuclear power plants originating from two fully different cultures: the Loviisa NPP from Soviet Union (WWER) and the Olkiluoto NPP (BWR) from Sweden. The licensing of these two plants obliged the Finnish authorities to acquire deep technical competence in all relevant areas of technology. The Loviisa NPP was the first Soviet-designed nuclear power plant licensed according to the Western safety principles. Currently, the fifth reactor, European Pressurized Water Reactor (EPR) is under construction at the Olkiluoto site. The plant vendor is Consortium Areva - Siemens.

STUK is the national authority responsible for the regulatory control of radiation safety in the use of radiation and radioactive substances in health care, industry, research and education.

STUK is responsible for emergency preparedness arrangements and assists the Ministry of Interiors in nuclear and radiation accidents.

STUK carries out research activities related to nuclear safety. In recent years STUK has successfully participated in tens of research projects financed by European Union.

In the frame of international cooperation, Finland has actively supported the transition process of the Eastern European countries by means of multilateral and bilateral programmes and in this process STUK has provided its assistance through bilateral and multilateral cooperation in the field of nuclear and radiation safety.

STUK has given a major contribution to the IAEA safety evaluation of VVER and RBMK reactors, chairing expert groups that prepared IAEA reports forming the basis for safety improvements of different types of VVER reactors.

STUK has actively participated in the EU financed regulatory assistance programmes to the Central and Eastern European countries. STUK has been the technical coordinator of the Union’s assistance programme in Hungary and has implemented a large part of the programme including a specific PHARE projects such as Regulatory Institutional Support, Maintenance and Ageing, Level 2 PSA and Safeguards. STUK experts have also participated in the EU’s regulatory assistance programmes in Romania, Bulgaria, Lithuania, the Slovak Republic, the Czech Republic, Russia, Ukraine and Armenia and Kazakhstan. Recently, the duties have been extended along the global EU instrument INSC also to European neighbourhood such as Egypt, Jordan and Morocco as well as to Latin America such as Brazil and Mexico.
STUK provides continuously training to its own regulatory staff members on nuclear and radiation safety and regulatory practices. It includes development of initial training arrangements and transfer of experience and know-how to new staff members on nuclear safety and regulatory practices. Training includes training courses and on the job training arrangements with experienced inspectors according to internal guidance. There are two major courses provided on annual basis
STUK also provides regulatory training to foreign staff members in English. They are for newcomers and experienced experts in nuclear and radiation safety fields mainly in the regulatory body. Plant visits are also organized.
STUK also utilizes the services of VTT, Technical Research Centre of Finland that is the main TSO for the Finnish regulatory body in the field of nuclear safety and waste management. VTT has a staff of 100-150 professionals in the field of nuclear safety. The total staff of VTT is over 2700. The roles and duties of both STUK and VTT have been defined in the Finnish legislation; so they are governmental institutes with non-profit role to support government in the safety and technology related issues. VTT has specific research teams for nuclear safety and waste management. They have capacity and capability to utilize both experimental and nuclear and radiation safety related migration analysis methods. VTT has made research and technical support work for all Finnish NPPs as well. As a summary, Finnish organizations STUK and VTT have worked together over 30 years successfully as part of the regulatory work in Finland

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